Goal Two
HEALTH Related Issues

“Health is like money, we never have a true idea of its value until we lose it.” – Josh Billings


To distribute free medical aid, health care sensitization and primary health facilities to rural communities especially in area of humanitarian crises.


Health is a vital aspect of human existence. Lack of good health causes much more agony in the world than anything else.  Lack of knowledge in health maintenance causes more death in the world even much more than war and any other societal malice.  For instance, in Nigeria, the average life expectancy was 52.62 years as estimated by CIA 2014.

In Africa, especially in rural areas where poverty is predominant; people ignore the value of good health as a result of lack of medical knowledge, availability  of medical facilities (proximity) and affordability of medical care.  Incessant strike of medical personal, low budgetary, poor research culture, brain drain and a lot of other issues are major drawback for the African health sector.

Predominant health problems of Africa includes:


As at 2012 in Nigeria, the malaria prevalence was 11%.  A part of this is from the president’s malaria initiative which identifies Nigeria as a high burden country.  As a result, the National Malaria Control Program, which is a branch that deals with this problem has recognized the problem and embraced the world malaria day to end malaria for good.


As of 2014 in Nigeria, the HIV prevalence rate among adult ages 15 – 49 was 3.17%.  The prevalence of HIV in Nigeria varies widely by region.  In some states, the endemic is more concentrated and driven by high rate behaviours, while other states have more generalized epidemic that are sustained primarily by multiple sexual partnerships in the general populations.  Youths and young adults in Nigeria are particularly vulnerable to HIV, with young women at higher risk than young men.

There are many risk factors that contribute tot he spread of HIV, including prostitution, highrisk practices among itinerant  workers, high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections, clandestine high risk heterosexual and homosexual practices, international trafficking or women and irregular blood screening.


While the vaccine for yellow fever has been in existence since the 1930s, in 1985, an incidence of yellow fever devastated a town in Nigeria, leading to the death of 1000 people.  In a span of 5 years, the epidemic grew with a resulting rise in mortality.







The 2010 maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births for Nigeria was 840.  This is compared with 608.3 in 2008 and 473.4 in 1990.  The under 5 mortality rate, per 1,000 birth is 143 and the neonatal mortality as a percentage of under 5’s is mortality is 28.  In Nigeria, the life time risk of death for pregnant women is 1 in 23.  Nigeria’s abortion law make it one of the most restrictive countries regarding abortion.  All these and lots more are healthcare problems.



  • <span style='font-size:32px'>Goal Two</span> <br> <span style='font-size:42px'>HEALTH Related Issues</span>

Category: BGAI